District Loralai

Loralai District: Loralai  district’s name is is derived from the Loralai stream, which is a confluent of Anambar or Nari, and flow towards the north, where is Loralai town..

Loralai was granted the status of a separate district on October, 1903. Formerly, the district was known as Bori. 

District Administration


Name of ADCG

ADCG’s remarks

Ph#: 0824-411049

Deputy Commissioner

Subhan Saleem Dashti

Digital Administration is an excellent opportunity to heighten the efficiency of administrative services and of public services more generally, by combining aspects of administration and digitalization. the digital Administration could play a key role in the process of development and digital awareness at district level.

The website upheld all the relevant information about district like History, Geography, Demography, Topography, Map Climate, Jobs, Projects and the relevant Services.

One next step to digital Administration at district level with the support of Science & IT by developing administrative website is highly appreciable.

Ph#: 0824-410981

Assistant Commissioner

Zahoor Baloch

AC’s remarks

Ph#: 0824-410036

District Loralai

  1. Creation of the District:

    Loralai was granted the status of a separate district on October, 1903. Formerly, the district was known as Bori. The name originates from Lorala, which is a stream that flows in the south of Loralai town. The district headquarter is in “Loralai” town. Loralai is located in the North-east of Balochistan, sharing its boundaries clockwise from North with Killa Saifullah,
    Zhob, Musakhel, Barkhan, Kohlu, Sibi and Ziarat Districts.
    The terrain of the district consists of east-west aligned mountains, valleys and southern plains ranging in ground elevation
    from 908-3,136 meters above MSL (Mean Sea Level). Loralai has been famous for its agriculture/ horticulture and livestock
    holdings. Almonds and apricots are popular across the country. Communications network of Loralai city is well established

    with radio station broadcasting, telephone exchange, and mobile communication services Loralai town is the head quarter of the district. Previously, the district Loralai consisted of Loralai, Barkhan, Musakhail and Duki Sub-Divisions. Musakhail, Barkhan and Duki were separated from Loralai and were given the status of independent districts in 1992 and 2017 respectively. Presently, the district Loralai contains one sub-division namely, sub-division Bori. The sub-division Bori further contains two tehsils, namely Tehsil Bori and Tehsil Makhter.

  2. Geography:

    1. Area-wise, the district Loralai ranks 19th (order: smallest to the largest), in Balochistan and has an area of 9,830 square kilometers. Loralai District lies between 67°41’18”-69°44’22” East longitudes and 29°54’50” -30°41’28” North latitudes. Location of Loralai is at 560 km (aerial distance) south-west (230 degrees bearing) of Pakistan’s Capital City Islamabad and 150 km West (83 degrees bearing) from Quetta city, provincial capital of Balochistan. The district Loralai is bounded on the North by Killa Saifullah and Zhob Districts, on the North East by Musakhel District, on the South-East by Duki District, and on South West and West by Ziarat and Pishin Districts.
  3. Topography:

    1. Geographically, the district is mountainous and valleys are running through the various ranges. The valleys contain alluvial accumulations while the formation of various hill ranges consists of earth, sand and Limestone while some portions are rocky. The hill ranges consist of rugged mountains varying in elevation from 924-3,100 meters. The main range is Sulaiman Range, which runs from the Gomal River in the north to the Indus in the south. It stretches through the district in the east in continuous chain of mountain peaks. The other prominent ranges are Kerasar range in the west of the district, Murdar ghar in the north of Sinjawi, Sialu, which forms the south-west boundary of Thal Plain, Dubai on the north-west corner of the same plain, Kru in the center of the district and Gadabar forms the boundary of Bori valley. The Bori valley formed by the Damanghar and Kru Ranges lies in the north of the district running east to west.

  4. Demograhics

    1. The population of Loralai District as per 2017 census is 2,44,400 persons (Bori Tehsil 2,03,562 & Mekhtar Tehsil 40,838 souls), when calculated at the average annual growth rate of 2.47% (as the Provincial government in 2012 while carrying out the process of demarcation of local councils had directed to calculate the population of the district at average annual growth rate of 2.47% over 2017 census figures).
    2. As per 2017census, only 15% of the population was urban. The Refugees still constitute a major portion of the rural population. The population of the district consists of heterogeneous tribes, but their language, customs and tradition are more or less the same, except for a few other tribes. The major tribes are, Kakar and Nasar, the other tribes are Humzazai, Utmankhail, Sarghrah, Zakhpal, Jogazai, Jalazai, Vanechi, Ghilzai and Peechi.
    3. Balochistan is well known for widely spread geographical area with large vacant lands that has no population. Consequently most of the districts have low population density per square kilometer. Loralai also falls in the category of such districts. In 1998, approximately 30 people resided per square kilometer.
    4. According to the 1998 Census, (46.6%) of the population in the district was dependent on the other 53.3% of the population, whose age ranges from 15 to 64 years. Dependent population had a significant burden on the earning population. This situation increases the economic pressure for the families. With this dependency ratio, the financial position of the district further aggravates if any natural disaster such as drought, floods, earthquake occurs. 
  5. Tehsils of District Loralai

    • BORI Tehsil
    • DUKI Tehsil
    • MEKHTAR Tehsil
  6. Religion:

    1. According to 2017 census, the population of the District Loralai is almost Muslim about 99.32%, subdivided into Sunni Muslims and Shia Muslims. Sunnis constitute the majority of the population, while Hazaras residing in District Loralai are Shia Muslims. The other religions such as Chritians, Hindus etc collectively form less than 1% of the population.
  7. Administrative System:

    1. The District has its headquarter at Tehsil Bori. The Deputy Commissioner is the head of the District in Administrative and Revenue Affairs, assisted by two Additional Deputy Commissioners in Revenue and General Affairs. The law and order is maintained by Police in ‘A’ area and by Levies force in ‘B’ area. The one administrative sub-division, Bori is headed by Assistant Commissioner.
  8. Climate:

    1. The climate of Loralai District is dry but it varies with the elevation; at high altitude, it is cold and dry. Whereas, in the low altitude, especially in the south and east area, temperature is uniform throughout the year, but is hot in summer.
    2. According to the climatic conditions, the area can be distributed into semi-arid, sub-tropical and continental highlands. The winters are very cold and windy, whereas summers are mild.
    3. The district Loralai lies outside the monsoon region, therefore, the rainfall is scanty. Rains are mostly in March and during the monsoon (in the months of July and August). Loralai district has also been affected by drought. Part of the winter precipitation is in the form of snow. Weather is influenced by the monsoon season along the eastern belt in Suleiman Range.
  9. Flood History of the District Loralai:

    1. From time to time, different areas in the District Loralai have been affected by prolong winter rains and sometimes by monsoon rains also. The flash flood water running from mountains towards the populated areas in the mountain foots have at many occasions destroyed standing crops, dwellings and also national highway during the past.
    2. The drainage of western and central portions of the district is provided by Anambar River and its tributaries, while the eastern drainage bursts through the Sulaiman range into the Indus valley. The principal tributaries of the Anambar are Kohan, Sihan, Lakhi, Uryagi and Loralai streams. The Anambar River finally drains into Nari river.
    3. Although floods caused by the hill torrents are not common in this district, sometimes with heavy rains, hill torrents take up a formidable size, causing loss of cattle and property. Peak discharges of the important rivers recorded by the Irrigation Department Loralai during 2012 are as under:
      1. ·         Loralai River                                 44000 cusecs
      2. ·         Uryagi River                                 15300 cusecs
      3. ·         Sehan River                                   75700 cusecs
    4. The Monsoon Contingency Planning 2012, a document prepared by the PDMA Balochistan, has also placed the district Loralai among the districts of Balochistan which are at the highest risk of facing floods, having the risk level of five. Following is the list of districts, as PDMA’s above mentioned document, which are always at highest risk of floods:
  10. Educational Institutes:

    1. Balochistan Residential College Loralai-operational since 1989
    2. University of Loralai (under construction) Management, Commerce, Computer Science, English & Education  disciplines-classes underway
    3. The Medical College Loralai-established in Mono-Technic Building) 3nd  Session continued
    4. Elementary College Loralai-functional & imparting training to the teachers
    5. Balochistan Institute of  Information Technology & Management Sciences Loralai-Operational since 2007
    6. Private Schools-also exist in District HQs


Loralai district is located, 908-3,136 meter above sea level, in the northeast of Balochistan province. It is bordered with Killa Saifullah and Zhob to the north, Ziarat to the west, MusaKhail to the east, Harnai and Kohlu districts to the south.

District Loralai Minorities Religious Places

Sr# Name Area Covered Area Site Address GPS Co-Ordinates Focal Person Contact No
St. Francis of Assissi Catholic Church Godi Mohallah
Godhi Mohallah Near Levies Line Loralai


Father Shehzad
Penticostal Church Katwi Morr Loralai
Katvi Mor Near B.C. Complex Quetta Road Loralai


Pastor Boby Khurram
Hindu Mandir Loralai
Hindu Mohallah Near Kakari Masjid Loralai


Narain Dass
Balmik Mandir Loralai
Shaheed Dolat Abad Bukhari Housing Scheme Valmek Colony Loralai


Kashif Parkash



District Loralai AT GLANCE

Sr# Description Numbers
Urban Local Bodies

District Loralai AT GLANCE

Sr# Description Numbers
Literacy rate
Assembly Constituency
Police stations
Postal offices
Union Councils

Our Gallery

Our Services


BALOCHISTANS agricultural production is showing promising signs as a result of higher investment in research and development, better farming practices and an improvement in the law and order situation. Officials say a shift is taking place from the rise in output through cultivation of larger areas of land to higher per-hectare yields.

Finance Department

The Department of Finance oversees several key programs/initiatives and reforms of the Government of Balochsitan relating to Financial Inclusion, Social Security, and Insurance as a Risk Transfer mechanism; Credit Flow to the key sectors of the economy/ common masses of the province.

Communication & Works

The Communication, Works, Physical Planning & Housing Department covers the entire Balochistan Provence for the construction of Provincial Roads and Public Building works.


The education sector in the district comprises of public and private schools with varying quality.
A total of 254 schools are operated by the public sector which comprise of primary, middle, high and high secondary schools. Ninety nine percent of these schools are in rural areas and only 1% in urban areas as the district comprises mostly of rural areas. Rural urban breakdown of the public sector schools on the basis of level of education and gender is shown in the table below. The number of schools does not include primary and middle sections of secondary schools and primary sections of middle schools


Provincial Health Department was established in 1971 when Balochistan was declared as province after end of one unit. -Prior to this Balochistan comprised of 3 regions (Quetta, Kalat & Sibi). At that time, -Health Deptt. Supervised by 3 Civil Surgeons. In 1971 only six districts existed (extended to 19 districts gradually). Afterwards Province was divided into 6 Divisions (Quetta, Kalat, Makran, Sibi, Nasirabad & Zhob)-Health Directors were placed at all the 6 Divisional Headquarters, being in charge of health department at divisional level. -In 2001 after devolution the Divisional Head Quarters were abolished and ‘The District Health Management came under the District Governments. Executive District Officer Health (EDO Health) is the district manager health. At present 29 functioning districts are established in the province.

Cultures & Archives

Culture Directorate promotes cultural heritage of Balochistan within Pakistan and abroad; supports literary activities through establishment and maintenance of Culture Complex’s, publication of books and patronage of scholars and intellectuals. Directorate of Culture makes efforts for the welfare of the intellectual’s writers, poets and artists – of Balochistan. The Directorate is well equipped and adequately resourced to achieve its above stated objectives and goals. The brief details of the functions and assets of the department are Promotion of Heritage of baluchistan through cultural activities.

Our Tourist Places

Our History

Early history of the area comprising of present Loralai District is shrouded in obscurity and can only be surmised from general history of Balochistan. About 1383 AD, the Maliks of Kurat Dynasty, who swayed the scepter in Kandahar, succumbed to Amir Timur and Kandahar together with other areas constituting old Ghaznavid Kingdom passed under the rule of the latter. These territories, which were conferred by Timur on his grandson Pir Muhammad, and which are mentioned as extending to the frontiers of Sindh, would presumably have included Loralai District. Babar, after conquering Kabul, made a move towards India. On his return via Sakhi Sarwar, he passed through Balochistan. The province remained under the Mughals until 1559 AD, when it passed into the hands of Safavid kings of Persia who controlled it till 1595 AD. It was then again acquired by the Emperor Akbar. Under Akbar’s regime, the territory of Duki, which was generally garrisoned, formed one of the dependencies of Kandahar Province and provided a contingent of 500 horses and 1000 foot soldiers, besides other contributions. In 1622 AD, Kandahar again passed to Safavids; when Shah Abbas conferred the Government of Pishin and its tribal dependencies, which probably also included Duki, upon Sher Khan Tareen.

Later, Emperor Shah Jahan made great efforts to regain the Province of Kandahar from Safavids and with this end in view, in 1655 AD, he sent a large expedition consisting of over 104,000 men under the command of his elder son prince Dara Shikoh. After a lengthy investment, Dara Shikoh had to abandon the siege of Kandahar and returned. This was the last attempt on the part of Mughals to regain Kandahar; it was now lost forever. The province continued to be under the rule of Safavids but the Afghan inhabitants had become so highly discontented owing to the persecutions by the Persian governors that there was an uprising under Mir Wais Ghilzai, who established the Ghilzai power in Kandahar in about 1709 AD. After ruling for about 30 years, the Ghilzai power gave way to Nadir Shah, who in 1737 AD marched onto Kandahar and after a rigorous struggle, Mir Husain Khan, the last Ghilzai ruler, submitted. In 1747 AD, Nadir Shah was assassinated and the Afghans with a view to organize a regular government of their own, selected Ahmed Shah Durrani, a ruler of Kandahar, towards the end of same year. Ahmed Shah at first attempted to administer the valley as a Kandahar District and appointed a governor named Agha Jan to represent him. This person aggravated Tareen tribe considerably, and as a result they murdered him. Ahmed Shah indignant at this act marched on Thal with a strong force. The Tareens surrendered to him. An annual amount of tax (Kaldar) was levied on the Tareen cultivators living on the Thal and Anambar perennial streams.

The Durranis were followed in about 1826 AD, by the Barakzais under first Amir of Afghanistan, Dost Muhammad, and almost the entire district came under the nominal rule of this dynasty. According to the Treaty of Gandamak, signed on the 25 May, 1879 AD. Duki and Thal Chotiali land with other parts of Balochistan passed into the hands of the British.

Different parts of the district came gradually came under British control. With the increase of British influence, most of the tribes petitioned to be taken under British protection and expressed their willingness to pay revenue. By 1884 AD, the British administration was established in the form of an Agency. During early eighties, some lethal attacks were made upon British subjects by different clans of Kakars under the influence of Shah Jahan of Zhob. Accordingly, British troops were moved into Zhob and Sir Robert Sandeman held a darbar at Bori (Loralai).The chiefs of the Bori valley attended this meeting and surrendered after the defeat of Shah Jehan. On the 22 November, 1894 AD, the Bori and Zhob chiefs reached to an agreement accepting the supremacy of the British Government and promised to put a stop to further raids st and to pay a fine of R.20, 000/-. Gradually, administrative control was strengthened. On the 1 November, 1887 AD, the district was declared a part of British India. In 1947, prior to the creation of Pakistan, a referendum was held by the British in which the tribesmen of Loralai District, like other districts of the Frontier Region, opted for Pakistan. (Loralai District, 2010)